Chandigarh, popularly known as the City Beautiful, is a Union Territory (U.T.) and serves as a joint capital of two states Punjab and Haryana. In this page, we will give you demographic details of the city. As per 2011 census, city’s population has crossed one million mark and the total of Chandigarh was recorded at 10,55,450 (10.55 lakhs). More than 97% population of the union territory lives in urban area with little less than 3% of the population in rural areas.
The population of Chandigarh was 906335 in 2001 and it has seen a decadal growth rate of 17.10% during the period from 2001 to 2011. During the 10 year period from 1991-2001, the increase in the population was above 42%. The decadal growth rate is lowest since its inception, perhaps due to the rapid pace of urbanization taking place in the neighbouring towns of Mohali, Panchkula, Zirakpur, Kharar, Kalka etc. located at the periphery of Chandigarh.
Chandigarh is one of the densely populated cities. With an area of 114 sq. km, the population density of Chandigarh is 9258 persons per square kilometer. During the past 50 years, the population density of the city has increased 9 fold, which was 1051 persons per sq. km. in 1961. The average population density in India is 381 and that of neighbouring states of Punjab and Haryana is 551 and 573 persons per sq. km. respectively.
Sex Ratio in Chandigarh
Sex Ratio of an area is measured as the number of females per 1,000 males. According to census 2011, males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. In absolute numbers, the male population of the city is 580663 and female population is 474787. The sex ratio of Chandigarh is 818 females per 1000 males, which is one of the lowest as compared to the other cities of India. With the efforts by the administration, strict rules and public awareness, the sex ratio has improved from 777 in 2001 but still it is not satisfactory and many efforts are required to improve this.
Literacy Rate in Chandigarh
In terms of education, it is one of the advanced cities as compared to the other cities in the region. It has always recorded a high literacy rate since its inception due to the high quality of educational infrastructure available in the city. The literacy rate of Chandigarh U.T. during the 2011 census is 86%, which is much higher than national average of 73.0%. The male literacy rate at 91% is higher than female literacy rate of 81%. The literacy rate of Chandigarh was around 82% during the previous census held in 2001.
Religion Wise Population in Chandigarh
Hinduism is the predominant religion in Chandigarh, which is followed by more than 80% people in the city. Sikhism is another main religion followed by the people here and Sikhs constitute around 13% of the population. Muslims form another major religious group and Muslim population in Chandigarh is a little above 5 percent. Christians, Buddhists and Jains are other religious groups in the city.